INSTALL(1)                 Commands and Applications                INSTALL(1)


       install - copy files and set their attributes


       install [ options ] [ -s ] source dest
       install [ options ] [ -s ] source [ ... ] directory
       install [ options ] [ -d ] directory [ ... ]


       install  copies files and sets their permission modes and, if possible,
       their owner and group.  It is used similarily to cp(1); typically  used
       in  Makefiles  to copy programs into their destination directories.  It
       can also be used to create the destination directories and any  leading
       directories, and to set the directories modes.

       Some of the options listed below are not implemented or are implemented
       in a  restricted  sense.   Such  options  are  recognised  to  maximize
       install's  compatibility with other UNIX versions, in order to minimize
       problems with ported shell scripts and makefiles.   Where  options  are
       not  fully  implemented,  it is usually due to differences between UNIX
       and GS/OS.


       -c     Ignored.  This option is included  for  backwards  compatibility
              with old UNIX versions of install.

       -d     Create each given directory and its leading directories, if they
              do not already exist.

       -g group
              Set the group ownership of the installed file  or  directory  to
              the group ID of group (default is the processes' current group).
              group may also be a numeric group ID.

              This is currently ignored under GNO.

       -h     Show usage information and exit.

       -m mode
              Set the permission mode for the installed file or  directory  to
              mode, which can be either an octal number, or a symbolic mode as
              in the UNIX chmod command, with 0 as  the  point  of  departure.
              The default mode is 0755.

              Note  that  currently  under GNO, the mode is interpreted in the
              traditional UNIX sense in that it only affects read, write,  and
              (to  a  limited  extent)  execute permissions.  Furthermore, the
              only bits interpreted are those for the  user  permissions;  the
              mode is effectively bitwise 'anded' with the constant 0700.

              An execute modification is only permitted when the original file
              is of type TXT or SRC, in which case the file  becomes  a  shell
              script (type SRC, auxtype 0x0006).  See also chmod(2).

       -o owner
              If  run  as root, set the ownership of the installed file to the
              user ID of owner.  owner may also be numeric user ID.

              This is currently ignored under GNO.

       -s     Strip the symbol tables from the installed programs.

              This is currently ignored under GNO.

       -V     Verbose output; install will print out the name of each file  or
              directory as it is created.

       -v     Show version number.


       When  installing  multiple  files  into  a directory and the -V flag is
       given, the respective file names are printed after the  file  has  been
       copied, rather than before.  This was done since the final file name is
       known only after the copying subroutine has returned.  While  the  name
       could be determined prior to the copy, this extra work was left out for
       efficiency reasons.


       This manual page documents install version 1.3.


       Devin Reade <>.


       cp(1) chmod(2).

GNO                             16 January 1999                     INSTALL(1)

Man(1) output converted with man2html