LAST(1)                    Commands and Applications                   LAST(1)




NAME

       last - indicate last logins of users and ttys


SYNOPSIS

       last [-n] [-f file] [-h host] [-t tty] [user ...]


DESCRIPTION

       Last  will  list  the  sessions of specified users, ttys, and hosts, in
       reverse time order.  Each line of output contains the  user  name,  the
       tty  from  which the session was conducted, any hostname, the start and
       stop times for the session, and the duration of the  session.   If  the
       session  is  still  continuing or was cut short by a crash or shutdown,
       last will so indicate.

       -f file
              Last reads the file file instead of the default,  /var/log/wtmp.

       -n     Limits the report to n lines.

       -t tty Specify  the  tty.  Tty names may be given fully or abbreviated,
              for example, "last -t 03" is equivalent to "last -t tty03".

       -h host
              Host names may be names or internet numbers.

       If multiple arguments are given, the information which applies  to  any
       of  the  arguments  is printed, e.g., "last root -t console" would list
       all of root's sessions as well as all sessions on the console terminal.
       If no users, hostnames or terminals are specified, last prints a record
       of all logins and logouts.

       The pseudo-user reboot logs in at reboots of  the  system,  thus  "last
       reboot" will give an indication of mean time between reboot.

       If  last  is interrupted, it indicates to what date the search has pro-
       gressed.  If interrupted with a quit signal last indicates how far  the
       search has progressed and then continues.


FILES

       /var/log/wtmp
              login data base


SEE ALSO

       lastcomm(1), utmp(5), ac(8)


HISTORY

       Last appeared in 3.0BSD.



GNO                              15 April 1998                         LAST(1)

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